On September 20, 2015, Nepal’s Constituent Assembly approved a new constitution, transitioning Nepal to a Federal Democratic Republic divided into seven provinces.
On November 8, 2015, Myanmar will hold general elections. Voters will elect a total of 1,171 representatives to Myanmar’s national Parliament and State and Region Assemblies. In the months following the election, the national Parliament will vote to elect a President.
According to international law, all people are entitled to certain political rights, including a citizen’s right to influence and participate in the public affairs of his/her society. Political participation can take many forms, the most notable of which is the right to vote.
The main purpose for the creation of the Senate of Pakistan was to give equal representation to all units of the federation. There is equal provincial membership in the Senate that balances the provincial inequality in the National Assembly where the number of seats is determined based on population size.
The Constitution of Pakistan, adopted unanimously by the National Assembly in April 1973, provides for a parliamentary system of government, with the President as the Head of State and the Prime Minister as the Head of Government. The Majlis-e-Shura (Parliament) of Pakistan is the country’s bicameral legislature consisting of the Senate and the National Assembly.
Election management bodies are generally divided into three categories: those that are completely independent from the government, those that are completely under government control, and those that are semi-autonomous. The Election Commission of Pakistan falls in the first category.
The use of electronic voting technology in elections was introduced in 1964 when punch cards and computer tally machines were first used in the United States presidential primaries in two counties in the state of Georgia.
Since 2002, the International Foundation for Electoral Systems has provided technical and commodity assistance to strengthen Pakistan’s democratic institutions.
The purpose of the caretaker administration in Pakistan is to ensure the neutrality of the government overseeing elections and reduce the scope for abuse or misuse of power and state resources in election campaigns.
Country: Burkina Faso
Project Title: “Partnership for Participation and Poise in Epic Polls”
Period of Performance: February 1, 2015 – July 31, 2016