Guinea: A Pre-Election Assessment Report, February 16, 1992

Publication Date: 
15 Feb 1992

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INTRODUCTION

 

The U.S. Embassy in Guinea and U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID/Guinea) have responded to requests for assistance from the Government of Guinea (GOG) in launching a democratic electoral system by asking the International Foundation for Electoral System (IFES) to provide the assistance of. . a n expert to advise the Government of Guinea (GOG) on its Electoral Code and a two-person team of electoral system consultants to perform a pre-election assessment.

 

In December 1990, a new constitution, known as "La Loi Fondumentale" was overwhelmingly " approved by Guineans in a national referendum. .This constitution outlined a process of transition to a fully participatory democratic political system to be achieved no later than December 1995. Steps in this transition included elections for town communes and urban development councils which were carried out in June 1991; revision and promulgation of a new Electoral Code; review and acceptance by the Transitional Committee for National Recovery (CTRN) of laws governing institutions outlined in the Constitution, such as a judicial system, National Assembly, political parties, a free press; and multi-party elections of a National Assembly and President.

 

Because of the wide scope of this transition process, and due to time and material constraints faced by the CTRN, the GOG turned for assistance to friendly governments of countries with established democratic traditions. The U.S. Embassy in Conakry indicated willingness to respond positively to these requests by providing assistance directed in two specific areas: Electoral Code and Electoral System.