Women’s Inclusion in Election Management Bodies in Kosovo
In recent years, there has been some progress in the participation of women in public life in Kosovo. Aside from more women in leadership positions such as school directors or in political entity branches, in the 2013 municipal elections the first woman Mayor was elected, and in the 2014 national elections, 20 out of 39 women Members of Parliament were elected without needing the support of the gender quota. However, progress is uneven and slow in some electoral areas. While the Law on General Elections contains gender quotas for election candidates and elected representatives, it does not specifically require that a minimum proportion of election staff positions be filled by women. There are no sanctions applied to political entities who nominate no or very few women to election staff positions, and consequently, while the situation is gradually improving, the proportion of election staff who were women during the 2014 elections was only 20 percent, with a much lower proportion of women in management positions at the municipal and polling station level. The current Law on Gender Equality requires public institutions to achieve employment parity between men and women.
This report is based on qualitative research conducted by the International Foundation for Electoral Systems in 2015 in an attempt to identify common barriers to the employment of women as election staff and potential measures that could be implemented to overcome these barriers.