Lebanon is a country of multiple layers of social, confessional, ideological, economic and cultural identities. The political rights of marginalized populations, including women, persons with disabilities, refugees, young people and lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer and intersex people (LGBTQI+), are undermined by systematic discrimination and physical and psychological violence.
Democracies thrive on assembly, transparency and confidence in elections and government institutions—all of which are put at risk by the COVID-19 pandemic. The global health crisis erupted during an already troubling global decline in democracy.
While progress has been achieved since the fall of Saddam Hussein’s regime, women in Iraq remain on the margins of political life and are excluded from decision-making processes that affect them. Decisions made and policies implemented by government institutions help shape perceptions of the roles that women and men play in Iraqi society and determine their access to rights and resources.
Social media has transformed politics, opening space for dialogue and creating new pathways for citizen involvement and education. Political engagement has also been plagued by the misuse and abuse of new information communication technologies (ICTs).
On May 6, 2018, Tunisia held the first municipal elections since the 2011 popular uprising that ousted President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, a critical step in the country’s democratic transition and implementation of the system of decentralization enshrined in the 2014 Constitution.
In 2017, the International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES) – with the support of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) – conducted a nationwide household survey in Libya on citizens’ intentions to vote and engage in future electoral events in the Libyan transition.
In February 2017, the International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES) released “International Language Guidelines on Disability,” a document that includes terminology related to electoral access and inclusion in eight languages.
A true democracy requires that the poorest and most marginalized citizens have a meaningful voice in decisions affecting their lives. However, persons with disabilities, often among the poorest of the poor and comprising approximately 15 percent of the global population, are rarely empowered to participate politically in their countries.
Money in politics, or political finance, is linked to key aspects of any modern society. Management of political finance is necessary for credible and genuine elections and electoral campaigns because it has the potential to skew competition between contestants. Proper management ensures the country is governed effectively; however, corruption can easily damage good governance.