On May 6, 2018, Tunisia held the first municipal elections since the 2011 popular uprising that ousted President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, a critical step in the country’s democratic transition and implementation of the system of decentralization enshrined in the 2014 Constitution.
In 2017, the International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES) – with the support of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) – conducted a nationwide household survey in Libya on citizens’ intentions to vote and engage in future electoral events in the Libyan transition.
In February 2017, the International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES) released “International Language Guidelines on Disability,” a document that includes terminology related to electoral access and inclusion in seven languages.
A true democracy requires that the poorest and most marginalized citizens have a meaningful voice in decisions affecting their lives. However, persons with disabilities, often among the poorest of the poor and comprising approximately 15 percent of the global population, are rarely empowered to participate politically in their countries.
Money in politics, or political finance, is linked to key aspects of any modern society. Management of political finance is necessary for credible and genuine elections and electoral campaigns because it has the potential to skew competition between contestants. Proper management ensures the country is governed effectively; however, corruption can easily damage good governance.
Lobbying is a critical component of the democratic process. The essence of representative government is that policymakers should be representing the needs of their constituencies when they pass laws.
ATTITUDES TOWARDS POLICY CHANGE
CONTROL OF FINANCIAL ASSETS
This topic brief presents key findings about asset control based on data from the 2009 SWMENA survey in Lebanon. It includes an analysis of women’s control over assets, focusing on how earnings are spent, financial decision making and control over personal property and financial savings.
ECONOMIC AND EDUCATIONAL STATUS OF WOMEN IN LEBANON