On February 2, Costa Rica will hold national elections to elect a new President. Citizens will also cast ballots for two new Vice Presidents and all 57 members of the Legislative Assembly. For the first time, out-of-country voting (OCV) will be possible in 42 countries for the 12,654 citizens registered abroad.
On January 8, 2014, Tunisia’s National Constituent Assembly (NCA) elected all nine members of the Tunisian Independent High Authority for Elections (ISIE) Board of Commissioners, after several months of discussions and repeated setbacks – allowing for the organization of the next legislative and presidential elections.
On January 14-15, 2014, Egypt will hold a constitutional referendum marking the first major step in the nation’s most recent political roadmap outlined by interim President Adly Mansour following the removal of President Mohammed Morsi from power in July 2013.
Technology offers new mechanisms for conducting traditionally manual processes, and elections are no exception. A growing number of countries at various stages of development are considering electronic technologies in electoral processes. With this new technology come benefits and challenges.
All eyes will be on western Africa for the first rounds of key legislative elections in Mauritania on November 23 and in Mali on November 24. In Mauritania, citizens are voting for 147 deputies who will sit in the National Assembly for the five next years.
Hondurans will cast ballots in general elections on November 24, 2013, electing a new President, presidential designees, deputies to the National Congress, mayors and vice mayors, among other positions.
On November 19, Nepalis will elect members to form a Constituent Assembly (CA), which will be charged with drafting a new constitution for the South Asian country.
This is the second attempt to draft and adopt a new constitution; the first began with election of a CA in 2008, but it was dissolved in May 2012 before completing its task.
Voters of Tajikistan will cast ballots to elect the next President on November 6. This will be the second presidential election since a 2003 constitutional amendment extended the presidential term from five to seven years.
On Sunday, November 3, Kosovars head to the polls to elect municipal mayors and assembly deputies in all 38 districts of Kosovo. This will be the first election held throughout the whole of Kosovo, including the four Serbian-populated municipalities north of the Ibar River that have historically refused to participate in elections.
Money plays a crucial role in modern politics. Weak enforcement in political and campaign finance can lead to extreme disparities in campaign resources among parties and candidates; political outcomes driven by those with the most financial resources; and an erosion of democratic politics.