Democracies thrive on assembly, transparency and confidence in elections and government institutions—all of which are put at risk by the COVID-19 pandemic. The global health crisis erupted during an already troubling global decline in democracy.
Sample ballot paper and constituency map for Nepal's by-elections to be held on November 30, 2019.
Map courtesy of United States Agency for International Development Nepal.
Limiting candidates’ campaign spending can play a major role in making elections more inclusive. The cost of campaigning is often a major deterrent to the political participation of women and marginalized groups with limited access to economic resources. While Nepal’s election law includes campaign spending limits, the public perception is that they are neither followed nor enforced.
A true democracy requires that the poorest and most marginalized citizens have a meaningful voice in decisions affecting their lives. However, persons with disabilities, often among the poorest of the poor and comprising approximately 15 percent of the global population, are rarely empowered to participate politically in their countries.
Money in politics, or political finance, is linked to key aspects of any modern society. Management of political finance is necessary for credible and genuine elections and electoral campaigns because it has the potential to skew competition between contestants. Proper management ensures the country is governed effectively; however, corruption can easily damage good governance.