Out-of-Country Voting: A Brief Overview

Publication Date: 
7 May 2012

Publication Type:


Many countries around the world have a large diaspora that wants to be included in the electoral process of their country of origin. Out-of-country voting (OCV) is an option every democracy should consider when trying to maximize citizen participation in the electoral process.

Out-of-Country Voting: A Brief Overview delves into the risks and challenges that could significantly impact domestic politics of a state. In addition to addressing costs of an OCV operation, this paper covers timelines, fraud and various ways citizens can participate – such as postal, Internet and embassy voting.