In December 2018, the Sudanese people began protesting government austerity measures, a move that quickly grew into a nationwide uprising calling for the removal of longtime President Omar al-Bashir. Following al-Bashir’s overthrow in April 2019, the Transitional Military Council and the Forces of Freedom and Change signed a Constitutional Declaration that established a power-sharing agreement between the military and civilians that would lead the country for 39 months until transitional elections are held. With funding from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES) began programming in Sudan in April 2020 to support government authorities and election stakeholders with electoral advisory expertise on priority topics for holding credible transitional elections and on approaches to effective, transparent and participatory political and electoral reform processes.

IFES previously worked in Sudan from 2009-13 under a USAID project supporting the men and women of the national and state-level election management bodies in conducting national elections, the Southern Sudan referendum on self-determination, and the Southern Kordofan state elections.