Since Tanzania reintroduced multiparty democracy 25 years ago, its political system has been characterized by dominant one-party politics, limited competition and weak checks and balances on the ruling government. The previous ruling party contributed to closing political space, characterized by crackdowns on media, firing of government officials without due process and barring opposition parties from gathering in public. As part of the Consortium for Elections and Political Process Strengthening (CEPPS) Tushiriki Pamoja project, IFES supported local civil society organizations (CSOs) to produce multiple resources to increase the electoral knowledge of stakeholders, e.g., marginalized communities, political parties and election management bodies (EMBs). IFES additionally supported EMBs to promote increased citizen engagement and oversight of political and electoral processes. Creating a more competitive and representative multiparty political system and increasing transparency in electoral administration will strengthen Tanzania’s democratic system to ensure credible and inclusive elections.
This report details the observations of the IFES team from early October, the legal and procedural framework of the elections, the immediate pre-election climate, the election day, voting and selected counting activities. In addition, the report provides recommendations for the
of Tanzania and the international community on the steps needed to move beyond the politics of impasse.
This report summarizes IFES’ findings from the East Africa Election Administration Symposium, which took place in Arusha, Tanzania in August of 1997. The symposium focused primarily on electoral commission staffing and staff development and commission outreach to political parties, NGOs and the media.
The goal of the report is to make a positive contribution to both the domestic and international audiences' understanding of the Zanzibar and Tanzania elections, so that a more accurate evaluation can be made of the fairness and legitimacy of the 1995 electoral process, and so that procedural problems and systemic weaknesses can be identified for correction in future multiparty elections in Tanzania.