The International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES) has provided technical electoral assistance to Iraqi authorities since 2003. IFES provided advice to Iraqi and international authorities on incorporating electoral processes into Iraq's post-conflict transition and establishing a legal and institutional framework for elections, including the creation of the Independent Electoral Commission of Iraq (IECI). IFES played a central role in the development of the IECI through technical assistance in key areas such as legal and regulatory issues, operational planning, voter education and public outreach, and finance and administration.

IFES has since adopted an advisory role toward the Independent High Electoral Commission (IHEC), providing technical advice as requested by the IHEC on long-term strategic planning, institutional capacity building, and transfer of knowledge by improving the IHEC’s voter education activities and providing technical training to ensure the IHEC’s long-term stability. Trainings emphasize legal and financial skills, international standards in internal management and administrative processes. IFES also worked with Iraqi civil society organizations representing underrepresented populations to promote those populations’ civic education and political participation.