Romania’s democratic process faces significant threats due to endemic corruption and civic action is response to government abuses. Recent efforts have seen progress and political will to shift practices and legal frameworks toward robust governance. IFES partners with civil society in Romania to shift incentives around implementation of international and regional anti-corruption standards and commitments, including those issued by the Council of Europe’s Group of States against Corruption (GRECO) and the European Union, including on challenges such as judicial integrity, transparent political finance and the misuse of state resources. IFES programming in Romania began in 1990 and largely focused on electoral process strengthening; civic and voter education; and countering corruption to improve democratic engagement and foster compliance with international standards.
IFES currently works with Expert Forum in Romania, focusing on preventing abuse of state resources in elections; improving political finance oversight systems; and advocating for judicial integrity reforms in line with European Union standards and obligations. IFES has also engaged state institutions in peer exchanges on cybersecurity in elections and election administration.
Under a joint project of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and the U.S. State Department (EUR/ACE), Democracy International (DI) conducted a comprehensive study of efforts to assist political party development in Eastern Europe and Eurasia.
“Elections Step by Step” is a voter guide issued in 2000 by CENTRAS and IFES, available in Romanian, and meant to serve as an informative document about the Romanian electoral system, specifically to provide information regarding the Presidential Election of 2000 in Romania. The guide is mostly intended to be of use for the electoral bodies overseeing the electoral process and to provide basic guidance on the main ways of functioning during the entire electoral process. The guide focuses on the structure and functioning of the Electoral Bureaus, the Electoral Commissions and the accredited observers, giving brief explanations on their tasks and responsibilities. Additionally, it contains samples of required documents prior and during the elections, as well as the text of the Law regarding the election of the Senate and the Chamber of deputies and the Law regarding the election of the President of Romania, with its recent changes to that date.
This report summarizes IFES’ civic education project in Romania. The program, designed to help foster Romania's democratization and develop its domestic institutions, sought to achieve these results mainly by strengthening the emerging NGO sector through the development of its abilities.