Election Snapshot

Elections in Bulgaria: 2022 Parliamentary Elections


On Sunday, Oct. 2, Bulgarian voters will have the opportunity to vote for representatives to fill 240 seats in the National Assembly. This year, voters will choose from 29 political parties or coalitions and 5,334 candidates. 

In Bulgaria, national representatives are elected through a proportional representation system, designated by party, coalition and nomination committee candidate lists. The Oct. 2 snap elections will be held under the same legal framework as the last two early parliamentary elections in 2021. The 48th National Assembly has 240 seats, and representatives are elected for four-year terms. The seats are allocated through a single preference option in 31 multi-member constituencies established by population size, with a minimum of four seats each. To claim a seat in the National Assembly, parties and coalitions must receive at least 4 percent of valid votes cast. 

To help you understand this important electoral process, the International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES) provides Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on Elections in Bulgaria: 2022 Parliamentary Elections. IFES FAQs include: 

  • Why are these elections important? 

  • What is the election management body? What are its powers? 

  • Who can vote in these elections, and how many registered voters are there? 

  • How will election disputes be adjudicated? 

Learn more about IFES's programs in Bulgaria and follow @IFES_Europe on Twitter. 

Additionally, visit IFES's Election Guide for the most comprehensive and timely verified election information available online.