On October 17, 2015, Egyptian citizens will head to the polls to elect members of the House of Representatives. The elections represent the final milestone of a transitional roadmap following the removal of former President Mohamed Morsi from office in July 2013.
Egypt’s electoral system is composed of a unique combination of two separate majoritarian electoral components: the first component consists of individual candidates competing for seats, while the second component consists of electoral lists competing for seats. Both political party members and independents can run under either system. Out of the 568 seats, 448 seats will be elected through individual candidates competing in majoritarian elections in single and multi-member districts. The remaining 120 seats will be elected through electoral lists competing for seats in majoritarian winner-takes-all elections in four electoral districts.
To help you understand this important electoral process, the International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES) provides Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on Elections in Egypt: 2015 House of Representatives Elections. IFES FAQs include:
- What is Egypt’s electoral system?
- Are there seats reserved for women and marginalized populations?
- What is the election management body? What are its powers?
- What are the rules governing media coverage of the elections?